September 2016 Issue

MeatGoatManiaHEADER

IN THIS ISSUE:

Subscribe to Meat Goat ManiaEmail UsOnion Creek RanchBending Tree RanchOCR Health & Management ArticlesMGM Archive

Visit us on FaceBook for current news

Subscribe FREE now! Monthly issues with new articles and other educational information on meat goat health, nutrition, and management written by Suzanne W. Gasparotto of Onion Creek Ranch and Pat Cotten of Bending Tree Ranch. In all cases, it is your responsibility to obtain veterinary services and advice before using any of the information provided in these articles. Neither Suzanne Gasparotto nor Pat Cotten are veterinarians. None of the contributors to this website will be held responsible for the use of any information contained herein.

CampLogo1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

Goat Camp™ 2016

Taking reservations for
Goat Camp™ 2016
Oct 24-27, 2016
Click Here for more info...

item14


Shop JeffersLivestock.com


Shop JeffersLivestock.com

REMEMBER: Antitoxin is for immediate short term protection and help for a problem NOW. Toxoid is a vaccine for prevention and requires the animal's immune system to develop antibodies over time. Don't confuse them.


Shop JeffersLivestock.com

GoatCamp™ 2016
Time Running Out to Sign Up

Come join us at Onion Creek Ranch north of Brady, Texas for the week of Oct 24-27, 2016 for an all breed educational event designed with all types of meat goat producers in mind. Newbie or established goat raiser, you will learn more in four days than you will in four years on your own.

Learn about:

  • Breeding, Kidding, Kid care
  • Tubing, injections
  • Nutrition, Balancing and formulating rations
  • Hoof trimming, hoof care
  • Necropsy
  • Tattooing, ear tagging
  • Diseases affecting goats
  • Drawing blood, disease testing
  • FAMACHA training, reading fecals
  • Selecting goats for breeding, market sales, etc
  • Marketing your animals
  • Routine handling, restraints
  • Humane slaughter demonstration
  • Private Property rights
  • and much more, all on a working goat ranch.

The GOATCAMP™ Instructors

  • MARK SWENING, DVM - VETERINARIAN, Coleman, Texas Vet Clinic
  • JAMES MILLER, DVM, LSU - PARASITOLOGIST
  • KENT MILLS, HI PRO FEEDS - NUTRITIONIST
  • JIM BOB HARRIS, PRESIDENT, TEXAS VET LAB INC., San Angelo, TX
  • DAN BYFIELD, AMERICAN LAND FOUNDATION - PROPERTY RIGHTS & LEGISLATIVE ISSUES
  • BOB GLASS, PAN AMERICAN VET LABORATORY - SERUM DIAGNOSTICS
  • SUZANNE GASPAROTTO, ONION CREEK RANCH
  • PAT COTTEN, BENDING TREE RANCH
  • LOU NUTI, PhD REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY, PRAIRIE VIEW A&M UNIVERSITY

* The GoatCamp™2016 Intern Program is now accepting applications for a limited number of Interns; interns receive free tuition in exchange for helping with the work at GoatCamp™. If you are interested please send your resume to onioncreek@tennesseemeatgoats.com. We'd like to know a little bit about your experience with goats (or lack thereof) and why you'd like to become an Intern. Persons with no experience with goats are encouraged to attend as paying students; much of the work of an Intern has to do with the operation of GoatCamp™ and not directly with goats.

* GoatCamp™2016 is limited to 25 students. * Classroom instruction alternating with hands-on work with Onion Creek Ranch goats.

TUITION PER STUDENT - $375.00 IF POSTMARKED BY 10-1-16 / $400.00 IF POSTMARKED ON OR AFTER 10-2-16

Registration Form ONLINE on the GoatCamp™ page at www.tennesseemeatgoats.com.

For additional information, contact Suzanne Gasparotto 325-344-5775 or email her at onioncreek@tennesseemeatgoats.com

item3b1
MarkSwening2

Consultation & Evaluation Services for Hire

I've decided to expand my business to include consultation & evaluation services for people who are either thinking about raising meat goats or are currently raising them and want to improve their operations

Please contact Suzanne W. Gasparotto at 324-344-5775 or email at onioncreek@tennesseemeatgoats.com

RUMENS
Feeding the Rumen, Not the Goat

Many of the health problems encountered with goats are rumen-related. Overeating, diarrhea, toxemia (plant, mineral, hay, or grain), listeriosis, goat polio, pregnancy toxemia, ketosis, floppy kid syndrome, laminitis/founder, ruminal acidosis, bloat, antibiotic therapy . . . the list of conditions affecting the rumen is lengthy. Understanding how the rumen functions is basic information needed by goat producers.

The rumen, which is located on the goat's left side, manufactures nutrients by using live bacteria (microbes) to convert food matter into nutrition. Working much like a living compost pile or fermentation vat (and smelling somewhat like one), the rumen begins breaking down food using live bacteria as soon as the goat swallows it. Whatever a goat eats goes directly into its rumen, one of its four stomachs (rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum), each of which has a specialized function. Goats eat by foraging for several hours, then while resting, they regurgitate a chunk of this material (the cud) and chew it. If the pH of the rumen becomes acidic (it should be slightly alkaline - around 7.2), the goat can become sick or die.

What and how much the goat eats are very important to its overall health. The rumen must be properly fed to keep the live bacteria healthy and active. If the microbes are completely consumed or compromised, undigested food becomes toxic and can quickly kill the goat.

The too-common belief that goats can and will eat anything is completely wrong. Goats require a wide variety of different types of plant materials. Unlike sheep and cattle, goats must have very high quality forage/feed. Because goats have fast-acting rumens, things that they've eaten that are toxic to them move through the goat's system rapidly, causing rapid onset of illness and oftentimes death. Every goat producer should have C&D anti-toxin on hand; C&D anti-toxin is used to try to counteract immediate health issues and is short lasting. It is not the vaccine with which goats are routinely vaccinated for long-term protection. There is no substitute for C&D anti-toxin. Have it on hand or likely lose the sick goat. C&D anti-toxin is an across-the-counter perishable injectable biological product and is available from Jeffers (1-800-533-3377 or www.jefferslivestock.com. Keep refrigerated. This is one of the few products made for goats.

A healthy rumen is full of beneficial bacteria. Anything which interferes with the bacterial flora in the rumen is likely to cause health problems in the animal. To better understand the rumen, try this: Take shelled or cracked corn (which people incorrectly feed because it is cheap and goats like it), add water, and watch it swell up. That is what happens inside the rumen. Shell/cracked corn is "goat candy." Ruminal acidosis can be the outcome. Like human kids who will eat candy instead of vegetables and meat necessary for proper nutrition and good health and therefore become ill, goats are prone to doing the same. If they eat to the point that the bacteria in the rumen is used up, Entertoxemia (poisoning from within) will kill them.

Goats will founder, like horses. If they eat feed too high in protein (too "hot"), Laminitis/Founder can occur. It isn't reversible, either, unless you catch it immediately and take dramatic steps. See my article on Laminitis/Founder on the Articles page at www.tennesseemeatgoats.com.

Listen to a goat's rumen activity. It makes "growling" sounds several times a minute. The sounds are different with what they eat or drink and at different times of the day or night. Smell the terrible breath that occurs when a goat is chewing its cud. Recognize that a goat will sometimes chew its cud in its cheek like a man chews tobacco. Press your hand to the left side of the goat's body to feel the movement. Put your ear or a stethoscope against the rumen and listen carefully. Do this for several days and with different goats. Learn what is "normal" rumen activity. Recognize the rumen sounds of a healthy goat at rest and that of a goat who is grinding its teeth in abdominal pain.

What goes into a goat largely determines the goat's overall health. A goat out on forage is, all other things being equal, going to be much healthier than a goat that is penned and fed by humans. Intensive management often results in serious problems. Goats will never be successfully "feed-lotted" like cattle. Rumen problems resulting from disease, stress, and/or overcrowding lead to sick and dead goats. Overfeeding on grain means disaster, particularly to very pregnant does and kids just beginning to eat solid food. Pregnancy diseases like ketosis and pregnancy toxemia are caused by improer feeding. Feeding molasses-based feed (horse & mule, sweet/textured feed) or sileage/haylege/baleage, is a recipe for nutritional illnesses. These products can mold, and mold kills goats.

For a healthy goat, think about feeding the rumen -- not the goat.

Suzanne W. Gasparotto, Onion Creek Ranch, Texas 9/9/16

ocr4a1a1a

WHEN MEAT MATTERS...

Contact Suzanne Gasparotto at
325-344-5775 for prices and availability.

item8

Tennessee Meat Goats™ and TexMasters™ are the cream of the meat goat industry. Contact us for availability, ages and pricing by calling 325-344-5775 or emailing onioncreek@tennesseemeatgoats.com

Young TexMaster™ Buck.

item6

Mature Tennessee Meat Goat™ does

item10

Tennessee Meat Goat™ doe

 

NEXT....

Subscribe to Meat Goat ManiaEmail UsOnion Creek RanchBending Tree RanchOCR Health & Management ArticlesMGM Archive

Meat Goat Mania
Shop for the Best Discounted Pet, Equine, & Livestock Supplies!

All information and photos copyright © Onion Creek Ranch and may not be used without express written permission of Onion Creek Ranch. TENNESSEE MEAT GOAT ™ and TEXMASTER™ are Trademarks of Onion Creek Ranch . All artwork and graphics © DTP, Ink and Onion Creek Ranch.Webhosting by Khimaira

item2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1 Meat Goat Mania