January 2022 Issue



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Purchase in advance of  kidding the following essential supplies. Every item has an important useful purpose. Other articles that I've written explain their usages. Items in this first section (non-prescription)  can be purchased  at Jeffers (1-800-533-3377 and www.jefferslivestock.com) or in some instances your local WalMart.

  •        Rectal thermometer (digital).   Do not fail to buy this item.
  •        Weak kid syringe & Stomach Tube plus extra tubes.   Do not fail to buy this item.
  •        70% isopropyl alcohol
  •        Triple antibiotic cream
  •        Towels - cloth and paper
  •        Q-tips
  •        Low-dose  aspirin
  •        Ant killer or bait (livestock safe)   (Amdro is my choice)
  •        Mentholatum
  •        Enemas, baby (Fleets brand or generic)
  •        Milk of Magnesia
  •        Wasp spray
  •        Ear syringe
  •        Duct tape
  •        Petroleum jelly
  •        Cotton, rolled and flat
  •        Bleach
  •        Pepto Bismol
  •        Corn syrup (Karo or generic)
  •       Dyne high calorie oral nutrition supplement (dog product useable with goats)
  •        OB lube (KY Jelly or generic)
  •        Benadryl liquid
  •        Robitussin DM liquid
  •        Splint materials and tape
  •        Heating pad, non-digital  (no timer that shuts it off)
  •        Chewable Vitamin C
  •        Baking soda
  •        Pistol-grip hair dryer
  •        Infant gas relief drops
  •        Sugar
  •        Gentian violet  (non-script but must ask pharmacist)
  •        Camphophenique
  •        Orasol oral anesthetic gel
  •        Paper and pens for record keeping
  •        Bounce Back or ReSorb electrolyte powder in bags or packets
  •        Procaine penicillin (injectable)
  •        Albon injectable  (my be prescription in some areas)
  •         7% strong tincture of iodine or comparable product
  •        Propylene glycol (available in gallon jug)
  •        ToDay (cephapirin sodium) mastitis infusion tubes
  •        C&D ANTI-toxin injectable (absolutely essential item carried by Jeffers)
  •        Sheep halter, adjustable   (Jeffers)
  •        Gloves, disposable, latex or vinyl or nitrile (your preference)
  •        60 cc syringe and 18 gauge needle
  •        1 cc syringes
  •        3 cc syringes (Luer Lock and Luer Slip)
  •        6 cc syringes (Luer Lock and Luer Slip)
  •        22 gauge by 3/4 inch needles (poly hub)
  •        18 gauge needles (poly hub)
  •        Blood stop powder
  •        Prichard teats
  •        Toxiban or Universal Animal Antidote Gel (UAA Gel)
  •        Tetanus ANTI-toxin injectable
  •        CD/T toxoid injectable
  •        Pasteurella pneumonia toxoid injectable  (Presponse HM)
  •        Vet wrap
  •        Colostrum replacer (not  "supplement")
  •        Reflector heat lamps with bulb guards
  •        150W or 200W clear incandescent light bulbs for heat lamp
  •        Goat milk replacer (not  soy based)
  •        50% dextrose solution
  •        Neomycin sulfate  (may now be a vet-only item)
  •        Red Cell oral iron supplement
  •        Betadine surgical scrub and Betadine solution
  •        CMPK or MFO
  •        De-wormers (see my article Deworming and Vaccination Schedules)
  •        Probiotic paste
  •        Water pails:   two-gallon pails with handles
  •        SWAT fly control ointment
  •        Toss n Trap fly traps or equivalent
  •        Fescue balancer mineral (if tall fescue grass grows in your area)
  •        Fortified  Vitamin B Complex - injectable
  •        Oxytetracycline 200 mg/ml injectable (LA 200 or generic equivalent)
  •        Oxytetracycline 300 mg/ml injectable (LA-300 or generic equivalent)
  •        Cai-Pan peppermint udder cream
  •        Metro absorbent towel  (holds multiple times its weight in water) (Jeffers carries)
  •        Mastitis infusion tubes - penicillin based

Make an adult goat stomach tube with plastic funnel attached and C-PVC pipe to thread the tube through; see my article on Stomach Tubing on the Articles page at www.tennesseemeatgoats.com. This is a big "must do."

Save 16 oz  disposable plastic soda-water bottles with screw-on caps.

Accumulate a supply of plastic bags like  WalMart uses to sack purchases.

For YOU:    Mueller adjustable back support with lumbar pad and velcro closure or similar product.  About $20.00 on Amazon.com.    Through the coming years, you will regret it if you don't buy and use this item.

From your vet:

  •        Banamine injectable  ( generic)
  •        Nuflor or Nuflor Gold  injectable
  •        Excenel RTU injectable
  •        Lactated Ringers solution
  •        Dopram V    (your vet may have to have this  medication compounded; BUY  it)
  •        Oxytocin injectable
  •        Lutalyze injectable
  •        Dexamethazone injectable
  •        Epinephrine injectable
  •        Vitamin B 12 injectable
  •        Thiamine (Vit B 1) injectable
  •        Sulfadimethoxazine with Trimethoprim oral solution (kids) and tablets (adults)
  •         Dimethox 12.5% oral solution    (I do not  recommend CoRid)
  •       Multi Min 90 injectable
  •        BoSe injectable
  •        Gentamycin sulfate injectable
  •        Gentocin spray
  •        Meloxicam 15 mg tablets
  •        Baytril 100 injectable*

*NOTE:  Some of these items may be restricted for use with goats, depending upon the end purpose for which the goats are being raised.   In some areas, slaughter-bound goats must be medicated differently from breeding stock, pets, and show goats.  Consult your vet for requirements.  You MUST have a vet.  Almost every medication that works well is now prescription-only availability and more medications are going prescription.

When the items in this list are needed, you won't have time to find them and buy them.  Buy them now.     Designate a refrigerator for goat supplies and medications that require refrigeration.   Put medications and supplies that can tolerate normal room temperatures in cabinets with doors closed.  Storing medications and dewormers in a barn is a guarantee of ruining their effectiveness.   Store medications at recommended temperatures and away from sunlight even if refrigeration isn't required.  Set up a work space, including  stove or electric hot plate, and sink with hot and cold running water.   Get everything organized and properly labeled.  I sticker all medications with date purchased, source of purchase, and price.  Be prepared for your first kidding emergency because it WILL happen.

Suzanne W Gasparotto, ONION CREEK RANCH   1.1.22

Subscribe FREE now! Monthly issues with new articles and other educational information on meat goat health, nutrition, and management written by Suzanne W. Gasparotto of Onion Creek Ranch and Pat Cotten of Bending Tree Ranch. In all cases, it is your responsibility to obtain veterinary services and advice before using any of the information provided in these articles. Neither Suzanne Gasparotto nor Pat Cotten are veterinarians. None of the contributors to this website will be held responsible for the use of any information contained herein.


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Breeding preparations should begin before does are placed with a buck for breeding.

Do not run bucks with does year around. Breeding does more than once a year results in worn-out dams before they are five years old and poor-quality kids.

Good management practices -- proper feeding, clean water, top-quality hay, clean and dry pens protected from wind and rain, proper bedding materials, plenty of space (no over-crowding) -- are essential to the maintenance of healthy does who in turn will deliver healthy kids. Do not get your does too fat. Overly-fat does have kidding problems.

Spend the money required to set up properly before you start breeding. Here is where the problem arises with too many goat raisers. They seem to think that goats eat tin cans, require no facilities, and take care of themselves. This is 180 degrees out of sync with reality.

Goats are a species that has no natural defenses, are subject to predation, and has multiple births because half of them die from predation or starvation before they are adults. Survival of the fittest may be the rule in unmanaged conditions, but you cannot make any money under those circumstances because you will lose much of your kid production and some of your dams. (See my article on the need for and the pitfalls of using Livestock Guardian Dogs with goats on the Articles page at www.tennesseemeatgoats.com. One Tip: Never buy pups and run them with goats.)

So get prepared in advance. The money you spend is going to be far less than you will lose by having sick and dead goats due to lack of preparation. Kidding problems will happen, and they will happen in the worst weather on a holiday weekend in the middle of the night when vets are unavailable and stores either are closed or don't have the items you need.

Even if you reach a vet, few of them know anything about goats and many have no interest in goats. There are less than two million goats in the USA; that isn't enough animals to provide a significant market for vets, pharmaceutical companies, or other suppliers. Establish a relationship with a local vet; you will always need prescription medications and occasional veterinary assistance, including surgical help. More and more medications are going prescription and the most effective medications already require vet prescription. You must prepare yourself in advance of problems.

My website www.tennesseemeatgoats.com has many articles that will be helpful to you. Take the time to read, print, and put them in a binder that you can access when you need help. Subscribe to my consultation service. Unlimited contact with me for help is only $20.00 per month based on the remaining months in the current calendar year. I am not a vet, but I've been raising meat goats full time since January 1990, and I know a lot about goats. I have been hosting ChevonTalk (first on Yahoogroups and now on Groups.io) since 1998, publishing on-line e-magazine MeatGoatMania monthly, maintaining Onion Creek Ranch's site on Facebook, and offering a one-of-a-kind meat-goat education program called GoatCamp™ on my Texas ranch every October since 2001. Details are available on the GoatCamp(tm) page of my website www.tennesseemeatgoats.com.


Set up kidding and bonding pens so you can try to avoid problems that occur without them. Five-foot sections of lightweight tubular metal with 4 inch by 4 inch panels welded to them and a gate in one section work well. They assemble and break down easily and can be set up in different configurations by removing dividing panels to make larger pens. My kidding and bonding pens were purchased from Northeast Gate Company in Paris, Texas in the 1990's, and I've been pleased with their durability, functionality, and ease of use. Such pens are available at many locations across the United States. Do a Google search to find a seller near you.

Provide appropriate shelter from wind, rain, and cold weather. These requirements differ in cold vs hot climates. The Articles page of my website www.tennesseemeatgoats.com has a Fencing and Pens article that relates to my area's needs. You will need to develop facilities that are suited to your climatic conditions. Create a place with enough space that kids don't sleep so close to their dams that they get injured, smothered, or crushed. A shed with the inside walls lined with railroad ties at ground level and a low narrow bench built above the railroad ties works well. Kids can get off the ground and sleep on the railroad ties, while dams sleep on the bench above or on the ground near them. Do not built a vertical wall in front of the railroad ties; kids will pile on top of each other to keep warm and those in back or on the bottom will suffocate if a vertical wall blocks their escape.

All birthing and bonding areas should be free of ants, flies, and other pests. Ants can eat the eyes, noses, and other mucous membranes of newborn kids, causing permanent damage. Before using ant killer or ant bait, read the labels and talk with your vet about products safe for use around goats. I use Amdro ant bait, but ants aren't a serious problem in my area of Texas, so I don't know how extensively Amdro can be used where ants are plentiful. Buy and have fly traps on hand to place in kidding and loafing areas.

Clean dry hay or straw should be spread on the ground in kidding pens. Do not use wood shavings in kidding areas. Wood shavings get into kids' mouths and noses and stick to the dam's tongue as she cleans her newborns. During very cold or cold and wet weather, I use reflector heat lamps with bulb guards in areas where kids sleep. Newborns and very young kids have difficulty regulating internal body temperature, but they can usually tolerate cold so long as their tummies are full of milk and they stay dry and out of wind. Keep electrical cords out of reach to prevent kids from hanging themselves or chewing on them.

Newborns do not need access to a water bucket for the first couple of weeks of their lives. They get water in their dam's milk. If they don't get enough milk and instead drink water to fill their bellies, you will find them dead from starvation. Water buckets should be carefully placed to avoid very young kids' access to them. Make provision during freezing weather to provide warm water to both dam and kids over two weeks of age. Water is a huge part of making milk, so make sure your dams have access to lots of clean and fresh water. Learning how to THINK LIKE A GOAT™ will help prevent injuries and deaths.

Do not overcrowd goats. Goats require more space per individual than most other livestock species. Goats are like deer; they stress easily. Since goats have very fast metabolisms, they produce large quantities of urine and feces. Overcrowding produces stress and wormloads.

Does need space to bond with their kids to learn their smells and sounds, and kids require the same. Overcrowding leads to filth (concentrations of urine, feces, and soiled/wasted hay) and filth leads to disease and death. Two big challenges to raising goats in any managed herd are overcrowding and problems resulting from improper nutrition.

Purchase in advance of breeding the essential supplies I have listed in another article entitled Supplies & Medications to Purchase Before Breeding Does and Bucks. Every item has a useful purpose. Other articles that I've written explain their usages. Items in the first section can be purchased at Jeffers (1-800-533-3377, www.jefferslivestock.com) or in some instances your local WalMart.

Suzanne W. Gasparotto, ONION CREEK RANCH 1.1.22



Contact Suzanne Gasparotto at
512-265-2090 for prices and availability.

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Tennessee Meat Goats™ and TexMasters™ are the cream of the meat goat industry. Contact us for availability, ages and pricing by calling 512-265-2090 or emailing onioncreek@tennesseemeatgoats.com



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