April 2010 Issue

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Subscribe FREE now! Monthly issues with new articles and other educational information on meat goat health, nutrition, and management written by Suzanne W. Gasparotto of Onion Creek Ranch and Pat Cotten of Bending Tree Ranch. In all cases, it is your responsibility to obtain veterinary services and advice before using any of the information provided in these articles. Neither Suzanne Gasparotto nor Pat Cotten are veterinarians. None of the contributors to this website will be held responsible for the use of any information contained herein.

JeffersLivestock.com

Using Products Off Label/Extra Label

There are many products which Jeffers carries and sells that are not specifically approved for use with goats.

What does "off-label/extra label" actually mean to goat raisers? Are medications used off-label/extra-label illegal to use with goats?

Administration of products which are not labeled for use in goats is called "off label/extra label" usage. This does not mean that such usage is illegal. It simply means that the manufacturers of these products have not spent the time or money to complete and submit expensive detailed research studies to obtain government approval to label them for use with goats. Using products off label or extra label is NOT illegal as long as the producer has a good working relationship with a veternarian and the vet has advised the producer on proper use and dosage of the drugs. Develop a good relationship with your vet so that he/she knows about, supervises, and approves of your drug management and usage practices.

Suzanne Gasparotto and Pat Cotten
MeatGoatMania

SHOESTRING KID PULLER

DID YOU KNOW . . . that there is a homemade solution to pulling a kid that you are having trouble pulling with your hands?

Take a long and strong athletic shoelace. Tie a slipknot in each end. Find the two front legs (or rear legs, if the kid is breech), position the head properly, slip the loops over each hoof and tighten where the hoof meets the leg. Get behind the doe and pull downward, applying force evenly from the center of the shoelace. To get the best grip, you can sit on the ground behind the doe, put your feet on her buttocks, and pull.

TERMINOLOGY SPECIFIC TO RAISING GOATS

Every industry has language specific to it that allows them to communicate with others. Goat producers are no different. Understanding the terminology is critical. This article attempts to review and define such terminology. It is the first of a series of such articles.

Doe -adult female goat

Doeling - young female goat, usually from birth to 6 months of age

Dam - adult doe who has kidded and is nursing her offspring

Buck - adult male goat

Buckling - Young male goat, usually from birth to 6 months of age

Sire - adult male who has fathered offspring

Wether - castrated male goat (testicles have been removed)

Weanling - female or male goat that has recently been taken off its lactating dam

Yearling - female or male goat of one year old and slightly older

Coming yearling - female or male goat of almost one year old

Coming two-year-old, coming three-year-old, etc. - female or male goat that is close to age stated

Polled - born without horns

Disbudded - horn buds have been burned off shortly after birth

Dehorned - horns have been cut off after having grown

Horned - two horns exist on the goat's head (the natural condition of most does & bucks)

Udder - sack under the doe's body where milk is produced; the udder has two sections

Teats - female body part on bottom of udder through which milk is delivered into kid's mouth

Teat orifice - opening in teat through which milk flows out

Testicles - male sexual organs that produce sperm

Scrotum - sack in which testicles are located

Vulva - exterior opening to female reproductive system

Vagina - female body part into which male deposits sperm

Cervix - female body part that separates vagina from uterus and opens when labor begins

Uterus - female body part in which embryo and subsequent fetus develops

Banding - castration by applying rubber-band-like mechanism where scrotum meets body

Rumen - one of 4 stomachs in goat & primary location of initial deposits of food

Cud - partially digested food that goat regurgitates and chews before swallowing again for further digestion

Milk stomach - stomach into which milk is deposited when kids are nursing

Hoof - foot of the goat, of which there are four

Coronal band - part of the leg where the hard hairless hoof meets the haired leg

Pastern - part of the leg located between the hoof (coronal band) and the dewclaw

Dewclaw - Horny protrusions above the hoof on the back of the leg that are "claw-like" looking in appearance and have no current function for the goat

Hock - joint that bends outward/backward on back legs

Knees - front: part of leg that goat kneels on

Wattles - haired tissue that hangs on both sides of neck of goats with Swiss dairy influence; non-functional

Milk teeth - original set of 8 lower front teeth with which a goat is born

Toothing a goat - determining the age of a goat by looking at its teeth

Suzanne W. Gasparotto
Onion Creek Ranch
Lohn, Texas
4-14-10

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One of the best indicators of imminent kidding is to watch for the loosening of the tail ligaments. As a doe's body prepares for kidding, her ligaments will loosen in order for the pelvic area to expand so the kids can be born. Her vulva will start loosening up several weeks before kidding and will almost appear puffy. As the babies drop to get into position to be born, the doe's flanks will appear sunken in. If you look at her belly, it will almost look as though it makes a “V”. Once you can feel your fingers touch through the skin of the doe at the base of her tail, kidding will be very close.

Pat Cotten © 2010
www.bendingtreeranch.com

tailLigaments

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BendingTree Ranch TexMaster Goats

Bending Tree Ranch features our TexMaster herdsire, BTR Anthony.

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We have many more Anthony kids due this month. Check our website updates.

www.bendingtreeranch.com or e-mail bendingtreeranch@cyberback.com

Pat Cotten 501-679-4936

Bending Tree Ranch is located near Greenbrier, Arkansas

After 2 years of Anthony kids we are offering him for sale. If you want thick, meaty kids with excellent bone, Anthony can do this for you.

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